Surigao del Norte is a group of islands at the rim of the Asian continental shelf. It is one of the four provinces of the newly created Caraga Region 13.
The province is blessed with long stretches of white sand beaches, enchanting rock formations, mysterious caves, and vast mangrove forests. The strong waves in Siargao Island has made the province the Surfing Capital of the Philippines.
Once a quiet and pristine place, Surigao del Norteâ€™s rural charm now caught the fancy of local and foreign tourists who frequent the provinceâ€™s numerous islands. Over the years, Surigao del Norte has indeed become a shangri-la for visitors from all over the world, especially for surfers and body boarders.
Surigao del Norte is located at the northeastern part of Mindanao between 125Âº15â€™ to 126Âº15â€™ east longitude and 9Âº18â€™ to 10Âº30â€™ north latitude. It is bounded on the north and east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the provinces of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sur, and on the west by the Surigao Strait. It is one of the four provinces of the Caraga Region.
The province is composed of 27 municipalities, one city, and 435 barangays, and it is politically divided into two congressional districts. District I comprises the islands of Dinagat, Siargao, and Bucas Grande, which has 16 municipalities. District II includes Surigao City, the provincial capital, and 11 mainland municipalities.
Per NSO Survey, the provinceâ€™s total population is 481,416 with an annual average growth rate of 1.71%. Population density is 175 persons per square kilometer.
Surigaonon, Cebuano, Boholano, Tagalog, and English are the major dialects and languages spoken in the province.
The province falls under the type II climate characterized by no pronounced dry season but with a very pronounced maximum period from November to January. It has a total annual rainfall of 3,949.43 mm. Temperature ranges from a low of 21.1ÂºC to a high of 35ÂºC in June.
There are six mining companies operating in the province. Majority of the stakeholders are Filipinos. Manila Mining Corporation has the widest mining area, at 6,426 hectares, followed by Taganito Mining Company, at 4,966 hectares. Others include the Hinatuan Mining Corporation (1,230 ha.), Pacific Cement Company (1.063 ha.), Cagdianao Mining Corporation (697 ha.), and Krominco Inc. (729 ha.)
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