It is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines.
Macabebe, an ancient town in the province of Pampanga
is intimately linked to the Pampanga River (Rio Grande de la Pampanga). The Macabebes were the first known Kapampangans. In the Spanish Colonial period of the Philippines, Macabebe was considered one of the oldest and most important communities of Pampanga.
The ancient town of Macabebe owes its importance to its location along the Rio Grande de la Pampanga (Pampanga River). The river's routes and its northern tributaries provided the pathways to the early major settlements in Pampanga. The English translation of Macabebe, meaning: 'bordering the river banks' describes the historical heritage of the ancient town.
The Macabebe dialect is said to be harsher and louder than others due to how the towns people must have had to communicate across the river.
The Pampanga River is of great importance to Macabebe. Fishing is still a major source of sustenance and income for its residents. A number of fisheries can be found along the river banks.